Bobby Jones, Was the first golfer to win both the British and U.S. open in the same year.
He only played competitive golf for 7 years winning 13 major championships.
In 1930 he won all the four majors in the same year , a feat that has not been done by any other player although a few have came close.
He was only 28 when he stopped playing competitive golf, today you can make it a life career as there are many different pro levels open to all players, and the money is a lot better than in the Bobby Jones era.
I do not think anyone really can say when the game of golf was first played, but there are many stories about the start, Robin Williams has a great story about the start of golf.
The Scott’s who are given credit for the game, organized a club in St. Andrews, Scotland in 1754 and called it the Society of St. Andrews Golfers.
Some 70 years of developing and expanding the game, King Willam 1V became a patron of the club, and the name was changed to The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews.
I had an opertunity to see this golf club and it is really a historic place.